Calistoga District

Posted July 16, 2009 in Gold Mining
Publication Info: Gold Districts of California Bulletin 193 California Division of Mines and Geology 1976 Table of Contents

Location and History
The Calistoga silver-gold district is in northwestern Napa County. Nearly all of the production has been from the Palisade mine, three miles north of Calistoga, and the Silverado mine, three miles farther north on the east flank of Mt. St. Helena. The district also has been known as the Silverado district, from the story Silverado Squatters, by Robert Louis Stevenson, who, with his wife, spent the summer of 1880 in a cabin at the Silverado mine.

Both mines were first worked in the 1870s. The Silverado mine was opened in 1872, and in 1874 yielded $93,000 worth of gold and silver. The Palisade mine, which was much more productive, was opened in 1876 and was worked until 1893. It has been prospected since. The total output of the Palisade mine is about $2 million worth of silver and gold, with some copper and lead. The total gold production for the district is valued at about $500,000.

Geology and Ore Deposits
Much of the district is underlain by volcanic rocks of Tertiary age. In places sandstone and shale are present. The ore deposits at the Palisade mine are in andesite, while those at the Silverado are in silicified rhyolite.

The deposits are in veins that consist of quartz and chalcedony, which often are brecciated. Some of the vein material is porous, and comb structures often are common. The gold usually is associated with silver, copper, and lead sulfides. The veins are steeply dipping, as much as 15 feet thick, and have been developed to depths of as much as 600 feet. Several highgrade pockets have been encountered.

Bowen, O. E., 1951, Geologic guidebook to the San Francisco Bay counties, Palisade and Silverado mines: California Div. Mines Bull. 154, pp.361-363.

Bradley, W. W., 1916, Napa County, gold and silver: California Min. Bur. Rept. 14, pp. 269-271.

Davis, F. F., 1968, Napa County, Palisade mine: California Jour. Mines and Geology, Vol. 44, pp. 183-184.

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Did You Know.......

A mine is a hole in the ground, owned by a liar.
-Mark Twain


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