Gold Districts of California
Bulletin 193 California Division of Mines and Geology 1976
Table of Contents
The Forest Hill district is in south-central Placer County in the general vicinity of the town of that name. This district is fairly large in area and includes not only the "diggings" at Forest Hill but those at Bath to the east, Todd Valley and Dardanelles to the southwest, and Yankee Jims to the northwest. The district is principally a placer-mining one, although there have been some productive quartz mines.
Gold was discovered here in 1850. By 1852 the area was highly productive. In that year the Jenny Lind mine was discovered, and hydraulic mining was introduced at Yankee Jims by Colonel McClure. The town was an important trading center in those days. By 1868 the mines in the vicinity of the town had yielded more than $10 million. Large-scale hydraulic mining continued until the early 1880s and drift mining until the early 1900s. There was appreciable activity in the district again in the 1930s and early 1940s, and a few mines, such as the Paragon and Three Queens, have been worked since. Forest Hill is now an important lumbering center. The total output of the district is estimated to be at least $25 million, and it may be considerably more.
The main early Tertiary channel of the Middle Fork of the American River enters the district from Michigan Bluff on the east. At Bath it turns north and then west and southwest and continues southwest through Forest Hill. At the Dardanelles mine west of Forest Hill, the channel swings northwest to Yankee Jims and then north to the Iowa Hill district. An intervolcanic channel extends west-southwest from Baker Ranch to north of Forest Hill. Another intervolcanic channel extends south-southwest between the above and Yankee Jims. The older quartzitic gravels near bedrock are coarse and well-cemented and have yielded the most gold. Much of the gravel is overlain by rhyolite and andesite. Bed-rock is slate with some phyllite, schist, and serpentine. Some of the gold-quartz veins were rich, especially those that occur near serpentine. The veins are usually three to four feet thick and strike in a northwesterly direction. A number of small but rich pockets were found in the Three Queens mine, the principal lode mine in the district.
Placer: Baker Divide; Baltimore; Big Spring $150,000; Dardanelles $2 million+; Excelsior; Florida; Georgia Hill, Yankee Jim and Smiths Point, together $5 million; Grey Eagle; Homestake; Independent, New Jersey and Jenny Lind, together $2,653,000; Mayflower $1 million; Maus; Paragon $2.65 million+; Peckham Hill and Todd Valley, together $5 million; Pond; San Francisco; Small Hope; Yankee Jims. Lode: Dry Hill, Eureka, Cons. International, Mitchell, Three Queens $100,000+.
Browne, Ross E., 1890, The ancient river beds of the Forest Hill Divide: CaliforÂ·nia Min. Bur. Rept. 10, pp. 435-465.
Chandra, Deb K., 1961, Geology and mineral deposits of the Colfax and Forest Hill quadrangles, California: California Div. Mines Spec. Rept. 67, 50 pp.
Ellsworth, E. W., 1933, Tracing buried-river channel deposits by geomagnetic methods: California Div. Mines Rept. 29, pp. 244-250.
Irelan, William, Jr., 1888, Dardanelles, Baker Divide, and Breece and Wheeler mines: California Min. Bur. Rept. 8, pp. 464-468.
Jarman, Arthur, 1927, Forest Hill and south side of Forest Hill: California Min. Bur. Rept. 23, pp. 88 and 91-92.
Lindgren, Waldemar, 1900, Colfax folio: U. S. Geol. Survey Geol. Atlas of the U. S., folio 66, 10 pp.
Lindgren, Waldemar, 1911, Tertiary gravels of the Sierra Nevada: U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 73, pp. 149-151.
Logan, C. A., 1936, Gold mines of Placer County, Dardanelles, Mayflower, and Paragon mines: California Div. Mines Rept. 32, pp. 55, 69, and 73-75.
Waring, C. A., 1919, Placer County, Forest Hill district: California Min. Bur. Rept. 16, p. 317.
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