Sutor, Swales Mountain, Sylvania Districts

Publication Info:
Nevada Mining Districts (Compiled Reports)
The Districts Described in This Section are from the following publications:

Mining Districts of Nevada - Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Report 47 (updated 1998); Placer Gold Deposits of Nevada - USGS Bulletin 1356 (1973)

Table of Contents

Sutor District


Other Names: Slater

County: Clark

Discovered: 1921

Commodities: uranium, vanadium


Located 2 miles west of Sutor, on the Union Pacific Railroad south of Las Vegas. This is the Slater district of Schilling (1963).


Lincoln, 1923, p. 28; Stoddard, 1932, p. 26; Gianella, 1945, p. 31; Schilling, 1963

Swales Mountain District


County: Elko

Commodities: gold, lead, zinc, silver, tungsten, turquoise, barite


The Swales Mountain district includes Fish Creek Mountain and Swales Mountain, at the south end of the Independence Mountains about 15 miles north of Carlin. Most mines in the district are located on the east side of Swales Mountain.


Smith, 1976, p. 157; Stager and Tingley, 1988, p. 65; LaPointe and others, 1991, p. 206

Sylvania District


Other Names: Green Mountain

County: Esmeralda

Organized: 1869

Commodities: silver, lead, tungsten, gold, talc, beryllium, fluorspar


The Sylvania district includes all of the northern Sylvania Mountains in the area south of Palmetto Wash, extending generally along the California state line to Cucomungo Canyon. The district, situated partly in California and partly in Nevada, was organized in 1869 as the Green Mountain district and changed in 1873 to Sylvania. The original Green Mountain district included the Tule Canyon district.


Wheeler, 1872, p. 47; Whitehill, 1875, p. 21; Angel, 1881, p. 417; Lincoln, 1923, p. 83; Stoddard, 1932, p. 41; Gianella, 1945, p. 61; Griffiths, 1964, p. 72-73; Albers and Stewart, 1972, p. 71; Papke, 1975, p. 8; Papke, 1979, p. 20; Stager and Tingley, 1988, p. 69

Sylvania Placer District Description


In the northwest end of the Sylvania Mountains between Lead- ville Canyon and Palmetto Wash, T. 6 S., R. 39 E.

Topographic Maps

Magruder Mountain 15-minute quadrangle.

Geologic Maps

McKee, 1968, Geologic map of the Magruder Mountain area, Nevada-California (pi. 1), scale 1:62,500.


From Tonopah, 34 miles south on U.S. Highway 95 to Lida Junction; from there, 19 miles west to Lida on State Highway 3. The placer area is about 9 miles west of Lida on State Highway 3 in Palmetto Wash and in tributary washes reached by a dirt road leading south from the highway.


Small placer deposits occur on the east slope of the northwest end of the Sylvania Mountains in Leadville Canyon (sec. 20, T. 6 S., R. 39 E.) and in an unnamed major tributary to Palmetto Wash, near Pigeon Spring (sees. 16 and 17, T. 6 S., R. 39 E.).

Production History

The placers in the Sylvania district were reportedly discovered in 1866 and 1869 (Palmetto Wash placers). The gold found in Palmetto Wash contained large amounts of silver and was worth at that time only $13.50 per ounce. Activity in the area has been on a very small scale and intermittent.


The placer gold probably comes from veins in Jurassic granites along the crest of the Sylvania Mountains. Silver and lead have been produced from these veins.


Vanderburg, 1936a: Virtually repeats Smith and Vai.derburg (1932). Brief note of placer occurrence in area called Pigeon Springs; methods of mining; year of greatest mining activity; placer-mining activity during the period 1929-30.

hite, 1871 : Discovery and location of Palmetto placers; size and fineness of placer gold.

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