Tokop, Talich, Tonopah, Toy, Transvaal Districts

Publication Info:
Nevada Mining Districts (Compiled Reports)
The Districts Described in This Section are from the following publications:

Mining Districts of Nevada - Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Report 47 (updated 1998); Placer Gold Deposits of Nevada - USGS Bulletin 1356 (1973)

Table of Contents

Tokop District


Other Names: Old Gold Mountain, Bonnie Claire, Gold Mountain, Oriental Wash, Thorp’s Wells, Old Camp, Hornsilver

County: Esmeralda

Discovered: 1866

Organized: 1868

Commodities: gold, silver, lead, tungsten, copper, uranium


Located around the camp of Tokop, the Tokop district extends generally from the Nye county line west to the California state line. The original district name was Gold Mountain. The Tokop district embraces Gold Mountain on the east, Oriental Wash (sometimes considered a separate district) on the west, and includes the townsite of Bonnie Claire. Gold Point (Hornsilver) to the north, formerly a part of Tokop district, is now considered to be a separate district.


Stretch, 1867, p. 58; Wheeler, 1872, p. 47; Whitehill, 1873, p. 42; Angel, 1881, p. 416;Ball,1907, p.187-191;Stuart,1909,p.59-60;Hill,1912,p.207-208,210;Lincoln,1923, p. 83; Stoddard, 1932, p. 41; Gianella, 1945, p. 61; Albers and stewart, 1972, p. 71; Garside, 1973, p. 52-53; Stager and Tingley, 1988, p. 70

Gold Mountain (Tokop) Placer District Description

This district, also known as the Oriental Wash district, covers a large irea in southern Esmeralda County between Slate Ridge and Gold Moun- :ain. (Tps. 7 and 8 S., Rs. 40 and 41 E., unsurveyed). The area has been prospected since 1866 and contains some high-grade gold veins such as that at the Oriental mine, discovered in 1871. The location of the small ulacer gold deposits reported by Vanderburg is unknown.


Vanderburg, 1936a.

Tolicha District


Other Names: Monte Cristo, Quartz Mountain, Clarkdale, Vignola’s, Carr’s Camp

County: Nye

Discovered: 1905

Commodities: gold, silver


The Tolicha district is located about 3 miles east of Monte Cristo Springs, the district includes the area between Tolicha Peak and Quartz Mountain. The adjacent Clarkdale district is sometimes included in theTolicha district.


Hill, 1912, p. 223; Lincoln, 1923, p. 183; Stoddard, 1932, p. 71; Kral, 1951, p. 166; Cornwall, 1972, p. 41; Bonham, 1976; Hall, 1981, p. 119; Tingley and others, 1997, p. 7-90

Tonopah District


Other Names: Ray, Rays

County: Esmeralda, Nye

Discovered: 1900

Commodities: silver, gold, lead, copper, tungsten, zinc, mercury, uranium, arsenic


The Tonopah district is mostly in Nye County; the Ray area is in T4N, R42E.


Hill, 1912, p. 224; Lincoln, 1923, p. 184; Stoddard, 1932, p. 71; Lotz, 1934, p. 22; Bailey and Phoenix, 1944, p. 108; Kral, 1951, p. 169; La Heist, 1964, p. 66; Albers and Stewart, 1972, p. 72; Garside, 1973, p. 49-52, 90-91; Bonham and Garside, 1979, p. 105, 129; Kleinhampl and Ziony, 1984, p. 187; Stager and Tingley, 1988, p. 150

Tonopah Placer District Description

Some placer gold production is credited to this famous silver-gold mining district, in eastern Esmeralda County and western Nye County. I have found no descriptions of any placer occurrence.


Krai, 1951.

Toy District


Other Names: Browns, St. Anthony

County: Churchill, Pershing

Discovered: 1907

Commodities: tungsten, antimony


Located in the eastern part of the southern Trinity Range, about 2 miles west of Browns Station.


Hill, 1912, p. 212; Lincoln, 1923, p. 13; Stoddard, 1932, p. 22; Vanderburg, 1940, p. 51; Lawrence, 1963, p. 217; Willden and Speed, 1974, p. 85; Schilling, 1976; Stager and Tingley, 1988, p. 37

Transvaal District


Other Names: Nyopolis

County: Nye

Discovered: 1906

Active: 1906

Commodities: gold, mercury


The district is located north of upper Beatty Wash, about 15 miles northeast of Beatty. Transvaal was only active for a few months and has no recorded production.


Paher, 1970, p. 326, Hall 1981, p. 128, Tingley and others, 1997, p. 7-99

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