Calumet Mine

The Calumet Mine is a iron mine located in Chaffee county, Colorado at an elevation of 9,501 feet.

About the MRDS Data:

All mine locations were obtained from the USGS Mineral Resources Data System. The locations and other information in this database have not been verified for accuracy. It should be assumed that all mines are on private property.

Mine Info

Name: Calumet Mine  

State:  Colorado

County:  Chaffee

Elevation: 9,501 Feet (2,896 Meters)

Primary Mineral: Iron

Lat, Long: 38.63737, -105.94785

Map: View on Google Maps

Satelite View

MRDS mine locations are often very general, and in some cases are incorrect. Some mine remains have been covered or removed by modern industrial activity or by development of things like housing. The satellite view offers a quick glimpse as to whether the MRDS location corresponds to visible mine remains.


Satelite image of the Calumet Mine

Calumet Mine MRDS details

Site Name

Primary: Calumet Mine
Secondary: Calumet Iron Mine, Calumet-Hecla-Smithville Magnetite Deposit
Secondary: Patented Lode Claims: Calumet, Calumet No. 2, Hecla, Hecla No. 2,
Secondary: Smithville, Smithville No. 2
Secondary: Patented Placer Claims: Calumet, Hecla-Williamson, Smithville
Secondary: Cf&I Co. Mine


Commodity

Primary: Iron
Secondary: Vermiculite
Secondary: Tungsten
Secondary: Copper
Tertiary: Corundum
Tertiary: Magnesite


Location

State: Colorado
County: Chaffee
District: Calumet District (Turret District)


Land Status

Land ownership: Private
Note: the land ownership field only identifies whether the area the mine is in is generally on public lands like Forest Service or BLM land, or if it is in an area that is generally private property. It does not definitively identify property status, nor does it indicate claim status or whether an area is open to prospecting. Always respect private property.


Holdings

Not available


Workings

Type: Surface/Underground


Ownership

Owner Name: George E. Everett (Surface Rights) ; Calcium Co. (Mineral Rights)
Home Office: Salida, Co.
Years: 1958 -


Production

Year: 1899
Time Period: 1882-1899
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Cp_Grade: ^45-60% Fe
Year: 1896
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^43-45% Fe
Year: 1895
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^43-45% Fe
Year: 1894
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^43-45% Fe
Year: 1893
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^45-60% Fe
Year: 1892
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^45-60% Fe
Year: 1891
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^45-60% Fe
Year: 1890
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^45-60% Fe
Year: 1889
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^45-60% Fe
Year: 1888
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^Avg 60% Fe
Year: 1887
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^Avg 60% Fe
Year: 1885
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^Avg 60% Fe
Year: 1884
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^Avg 60% Fe
Year: 1883
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^Avg 60% Fe
Year: 1882
Material type: FE ORE ACC
Description: Ap_Grade: ^Avg 60% Fe


Deposit

Record Type: Site
Operation Category: Past Producer
Operation Type: Unknown
Year First Production: 1882
Year Last Production: 1928
Discovery Year: 1880
Discovery Method: Ore-Mineral In Place
Years of Production:
Organization:
Significant: N
Deposit Size: S


Physiography

General Physiographic Area: Rocky Mountain System
Physiographic Province: Southern Rocky Mountains


Mineral Deposit Model

Not available


Orebody

Not available


Structure

Type: R
Description: Southern Mosquito Range, Arkansas Valley Graben

Type: L
Description: West Flank Pleasant Valley Syncline, 2 Faults (Trending N 15 E, N 60 W)


Alterations

Alteration Type: L
Alteration Text: Contact Metamorphism With Bleaching, Marmorization, Epidotization, Oxidation


Rocks

Name: Diorite
Role: Associated
Age Type: Host Rock Unit
Age Young: Mississippian

Name: Diorite
Role: Associated
Age Type: Host Rock
Age Young: Mississippian

Name: Diorite
Role: Associated
Age Type: Associated Rock Unit
Age Young: Pliocene

Name: Diorite
Role: Associated
Age Type: Associated Rock
Age Young: Pliocene


Analytical Data

Analytical Data: TYPICAL ORE SHIPPED 1894: 43.7% FE, 19.0% SIO2, 0.52% S, 0.017% P
Analytical Data: TYPICAL ORE SHIPPED 1887: 60.9% FE, 10.6% SIO2, 0.63% S
Analytical Data: LAST ORE MINED CONTAINED 43% FE WITH INCREASING 5 (PYRITE) CONTENT AT DEPTH
Analytical Data: FIRST ORE MINED CONTAINED 60% FE, LOW 5
Analytical Data: 1958 SAMPLES: 48.03-63.28% FE, 7.04-12.4% SIO2, 0.61-1.42% S, 0.007-0.008% P, 1.9% AL203, 1.59% CAO, 1.70% MN WITH 0.001-0.01% CU, PB, GA, ZR, V, CR, CO
Analytical Data: 1957 SAMPLE: 55.7% FE, 14.6% SIO2, 0.03% S, 0.01% P, 0.2% MN, 0.01-0.1% TI AND NI


Materials

Ore: Scheelite
Ore: Chalcopyrite
Ore: Malachite
Ore: Magnetite
Ore: Hematite
Ore: Limonite
Ore: Pyrite
Ore: Magnesite
Ore: Corundum
Ore: Vermiculite
Gangue: Garnet
Gangue: Wernerite
Gangue: Actinolite
Gangue: Apatite
Gangue: Biotite
Gangue: Tremolite
Gangue: Diopside
Gangue: Epidote
Gangue: Calcite


Comments

Comment (Location): DEPOSIT MAINLY IN SECTIONS 26 AND 35, WITH MINOR WORKINGS IN OTHER TWO SECTIONS; ON SW SLOPE OF CALUMET MOUNTAIN ; INFO FROM LAND.ST :(1976)

Comment (Commodity): HIGH SULFUR CONTENT IN REMAINING ORE

Comment (Production): ESTIMATED $11,000,000 OF IRON ORE MINED PRE-1900; 8 CARLOADS VERMICULITE SHIPPED IN 1928

Comment (Deposit): COUNTRY ROCK STRIKES N 50 W, DIPS 33 NE; MAGNETITE OCCURS AS BANDS PARALLEL TO BEDDING WITH INDIVIDUAL BANDS TO 2 FT THICK; VERMICULITE VEIN 20 INCHES WIDE

Comment (Workings): EXTENSIVE UNDERGROUND WORKINGS WITH SHAFTS, INCLINES, ADITS; OPEN CUTS; MOST WORKINGS CAVED AND INACCESSIBLE; UNDERGROUND WORKINGS LARGELY INCLINED CHAMBERS FOLLOWING DIP DOWNWARD TO EAST; SOUTHERN OPEN CUT IS 400X50X30 FT DEEP; NORTHERN CUT, 120 FT NORTH OF SOUTHERN CUT, IS 100X30X20 FT DEEP; AN INCLINE LIES JUST WEST OF SOUTHERN CUT

Comment (Deposit): ADDITIONAL REFERENCES: ; INFO.SRC : 1 PUB LIT

Comment (Location): Location per local resident, Matt Bourget, MIT student from CSM, Aug. 2009. Based on Google Earth and Microsoft Mapper images.


References

Reference (Deposit): BHUTTA, M.A., 1954, GEOLOGY OF THE SALIDA AREA, CHAFFEE AND FREMONT COUNTIES, COLORADO: COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES PHD THESIS, 173 P.

Reference (Deposit): HARRER, C.M. AND TESCH, W.J., JR., 1959, RECONNAISSANCE OF IRON OCCURRENCES IN COLORADO: USBM INFORMATION CIRCULAR 7918, P. 14-17.

Reference (Deposit): BELSER, CARL, 1956, TUNGSTEN POTENTIAL IN CHAFFEE, FREMONT, GUNNISON, LAKE, LARIMER, PARK, AND SUMMIT COUNTIES, COLORADO: USBM INFORMATION CIRCULAR 7748, P. 3-7. & &

Reference (Deposit): VAN DIVER, B.B., 1957, GEOLOGY OF THE CALUMET MINING DISTRICT, CHAFFEE COUNTY, COLORADO: UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO THESIS, P.

Reference (Deposit): LEMMON, D.M., AND TWETO, O.L., 1962, TUNGSTEN IN THE UNITED STATES: USGS MAP MR-25.

Reference (Deposit): BEHRE, C.H., OSBORN, E.F., RAINWATER, E.H., 1936, CONTACT ORE DEPOSITION AT THE CALUMET IRON MINE, COLORADO: ECONOMIC GEOLOGY, V. 31, NO. 8, P. 781-804.

Reference (Deposit): SCOTT, G.R., TAYLOR, R.B., EPIS, R.C., WOBUS, R.A., 1978, GEOLOGIC MAP OF THE PUEBLO 1 DEG X 2 DEG QUADRANGLE, SOUTH-CENTRAL COLORADO: USGS MAP I-1022, 1:250,000

Reference (Deposit): BOARDMAN, S.J., 1971, PRECAMBRIAN GEOLOGY AND MINERAL DEPOSITS OF THE SALIDA AREA, CHAFFEE COUNTY, COLORADO: PH.D. THESIS, UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, 131 P.

Reference (Production): HARRER, C.M. (1959); BHUTTA, M.A. (1954)

Reference (Deposit): BOARDMAN, S.J., 1976, GEOLOGY OF THE PRECAMBRIAN METAMORPHIC ROCKS OF THE SALIDA AREA, CHAFFEE COUNTY, COLORADO: THE MOUNTAIN GEOLOGIST, V. 13, NO. 3, P. 89-100.

Reference (Deposit): SHARPS, T.I., 1965, TUNGSTEN IN COLORADO: COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES MINERAL INDUSTRIES BULLETIN, V. 8, NO. 5, P. 6.

Reference (Deposit): HANLEY, J.B., HEINRICH, E.W. AND PAGE, L.R., 1950, PEGMATITE INVESTIGATIONS IN COLORADO, WYOMING, AND UTAH 1942-43: USGS PROFESSIONAL PAPER 227.?

Reference (Deposit): PEARL, R.M., 1958, COLORADO GEM TRAILS AND MINERAL GUIDE: SAGE BOOKS, P. 86-90.

Reference (Deposit): OSBORN, E.F. AND RAINWATER, E.H., 1934, GEOLOGY OF THE CALUMET, COLORADO MINING DISTRICT: ILLINOIS NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY UNPUBLISHED M.A. THESIS, 42 P.