Roslyn, Washington


Roslyn Details

Status: Active Town

Date Settled: 1886

Current Population: 910

Peak Population: ~4,000

Elevation: 2,251 Feet (686 meters)

Primary Mineral: Coal

State: Washington

Gallery: View 54 Roslyn, Washington Photos

Roslyn Description

The Northern Pacific Railway Company began developing the mines to harvest the rich deposits of coal in 1886. The company actively recruited workers in Europe and 28 nationalities immigrated to Roslyn, forming a community rich in cultural diversity.

By 1901, over one million tons of coal were produced each year. Production peaked in the 1920's, but during the 1930's fuel oil and electricity were lessening the demand for coal. The last mine closed in 1963. Today, much coal remains underground. It is estimated that in spite of the many years of mining, 283 million tons of coal still remain in the Roslyn coal fields.

Highlights from Roslyn's mining history timeline:

1883 Coal discovered

1884 First coal exported to Ellensburg to fuel a blacksmith shop

1886 Northern Pacific Railway Company Develops Mine

1889 Roslyn Incorporated

1892 Explosion kills 45 miners

1893 50,000 pound block of coal sent to World's Fair

1901 Over one million tons of coal produced

1909 10 miners killed in an explosion

1926 Coal cutting machines replaced pick and shovel contract work at $5.00 per day

Text from sign in town

Did You Know.......

A mine is a hole in the ground, owned by a liar.
-Mark Twain


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