Jarbidge, Jefferson Canyon, Jersey Districts

Publication Info:
Nevada Mining Districts (Compiled Reports)
The Districts Described in This Section are from the following publications:

Mining Districts of Nevada - Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Report 47 (updated 1998); Placer Gold Deposits of Nevada - USGS Bulletin 1356 (1973)

Table of Contents

Jarbidge District


Other Names: Sun Creek

County: Elko

Discovered: 1909

Commodities: gold, silver, tungsten, molybdenum, copper, lead, barite


The original Jarbidge district included an area about 14 miles square, extending a few miles west of the main Jarbidge River and east of the east fork (Schrader, 1923). The district now includes the northern portion of the Jarbidge Mountains as well as parts of the Granite Mountains and Copper Mountains to the west. The central Jarbidge district is located in T45-46N, R57-59E; the Sun Creek barite area is in T44N,R59E.


Hill, 1912, p. 205; Lincoln, 1923, p. 48; Schrader, 1923, p. 1; Stoddard, 1932, p. 32; Gianella, 1945, p. 42; Granger and others, 1957, p. 83; Smith, 1976, p. 93; Papke, 1984, table 3; Stager and Tingley, 1988, p. 60; LaPointe and others, 1991, p.135

Jarbidge Placer District Description


Along the Jarbidge River, north of the Jarbidge Mountains. Tps. 45 and 47 N., R. 58 E.

Topographic Maps

Jarbidge 15-minute quadrangle.

Geologic Maps

Coats, 1964, Geologic map of the Jarbidge quadrangle, Nevada-Idaho (pi. 1), scale 1:62,500.


From Elko, 26 miles northeast on Interstate 80 to Deeth. From Deeth, it is about 46 miles north on a dirt road to the site of Charleston. A dirt road crosses the mountains east of Charleston to Jarbidge, a distance of about 16 miles; from Jarbidge, dirt roads parallel the river north of the town. Jarbidge is more easily accessible from Idaho.


Minor amounts of placer gold have been recovered from gravels along the Jarbidge River, especially north of the town of Jarbidge (T. 46 N., R. 58 E.). Residual soils adjacent to lode mines on the west side of the Jarbidge Mountains between Snowslide Gulch (sec. 3, T. 45 N., R. 58 E.) and Jack Gulch (sec. 4, T. 46 N., R. 58 E.) have yielded placer gold. The gold in the placers is very fine grained and has not formed economic concentrations—some reports state that it is so fine it floats away in water.

Production History

Placer production from the Jarbidge district has been very small, primarily because of the very fine size of the gold and difficulties in its recovery.


The ore deposits of the Jarbidge district are gold-silver fissures and veins in Tertiary volcanic rocks, the probable source of the placer deposits.


Buckley, 1911: Distribution, size, and shape of placer gold in the Jarbidge River; distribution of residual gold in soils; sketch map shows location of mines and placer claims.

Schrader, 1912: Notes absence of workable placer deposits; discusses distribution of fine gold in stream gravels; prospecting activity in 1910; number of colors of fine gold per pan; indicates areas where economic concentrations of gold might be found. 1923: Notes presence of small placer gold deposits along Jarbidge River and East Fork; reasons for sparsity of placer deposits.

Jefferson Canyon District


Other Names: Concordia, Green Isle, Jefferson, Great Basin

County: Nye

Discovered: 1866

Commodities: silver, gold, antimony


The district is located south of Mount Jefferson on the west side of the central Toquima Range about 6 miles northeast of Round Mountain and 12 miles north of Belmont. Originally known as Green Isle or Concordia, then Jefferson, the district is now known as Jefferson Canyon. The map of Todd and Welton (1866) shows a Great Basin district generally covering the west slope of the Toquima Range in the area now included in the Jefferson Canyon and Round Mountain districts.


Todd and Welton, 1866; Stretch, 1967, p. 64; Whitehill, 1873, p. 106; Whitehill, 1877, p. 105; Hill, 1912, p. 222; Lincoln, 1923, p. 171; Stoddard, 1932, p. 67; Kral, 1951, p. 80; Lawrence, 1963, p. 143; Kleinhampl and Ziony, 1984, p. 114

Jersey District


Other Names: Jersey Valley

County: Pershing, Lander

Discovered: 1873

Commodities: silver, lead, zinc, copper, gold, manganese, zeolite


Located on the southwest edge of the Fish Creek Mountains about 50 miles southwest of Battle Mountain on the Pershing-Lander county line. The district is north of the historic Augusta district and east-southeast of the historic American district which may have included the southern flanks of Mount Tobin. Zeolite occurrences are west of the main part of the district, in adjacent Jersey Valley.


General Land Office, 1866; Whitehill, 1875, p. 52; Whitehill, 1877, p. 82; Angel, 1881, p. 474; Lincoln, 1923, p. 207; Stoddard, 1932, p. 77; Vanderburg, 1936b, p. 19; Papke, 1972, p. 17; Johnson, 1977, p. 62

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