Mining History Library

Premium content Audio presentation
For info on audio presentations click here
Show only free content Show only audio content

From Salt Lake to Montana (1865 Beyond the Mississippi)

This account from 1865 describes traveling by stagecoach from Salt Lake City to Helena, Montana. Included are early descriptions of Bannack, Virginia City, and Helena.

From Salt Lake City Westward (1865 Beyond the Mississippi)

This account from 1865 describes traveling by stagecoach from Salt Lake City to Virginia City, Nevada. Included are a rare first-hand account of Egan Canyon, early observations of the young town of Austin, Nevada, and details of the mines of the Comstock Lode.

Womack, Discoverer of Cripple Creek (1903 Cripple Creek Times)

"Laughed at as a visionary, regarded by some as being weak-minded because of his ceaseless search through the hills of the Cripple Creek region for the gold which he declared existed there, Bob Womack, the discoverer of Cripple Creek, never rested until his mission was accomplished and the great gold camp had been given to the world"

Stratton's Independence Mine (Cripple Creek) (1903 Cripple Creek Times)

"The mine that has given the Cripple Creek district the greatest prominence throughout the civilized world and given the camp an international reputation is Stratton's Independence."

Winfield Scott Stratton (1903 Cripple Creek Times)

Winfield Scott Stratton discovered the fabulous Independence mine in the Cripple Creek district in 1891. He sold the mine in 1899 for $11 million, making him a fabulously rich man. This article starts by describing his struggles with the notoriety that comes with great wealth, and his desire to help the poor. Later it details his early years in Colorado and the perseverance that ultimately led to his success.

Frederick Augustus Heinze (1904 Engineering and Mining Journal)

This obituary of F. Augustus Heinze was published shortly after his death in November of 1914. It describes his career and his exploits as one of Butte, Montana's "Copper Kings".

Who is Heinze? (Butte, Montana) (1900 Newspaper)

Description of Copper King F. Augustus Heinze's early successes smelting and copper mining, and his popularity in both Butte and the state of Montana.

New Gold Region Discovered (Reese River) (1863 Newspaper)

This letter from a store owner in the newly established Reese River district of central Nevada describes early conditions in one of Nevada's most important mining regions.

A Description of Butte, Montana in 1895 (1895)

This text, from the 1895 publication “The Great Dynamite Explosions at Butte, Montana: January 15, 1895”, provides interesting details on how life was in the city during the 1890s.

The South Park Mines (Colorado) (1878 Scientific American)

Article describes the early mining settlements of Alma and Fairplay, and the works of the Dolly Varden and Moose mines.

A Peep At Washoe - Third Paper (1861 Harper's New Monthly Magazine)

In Paper Three of "A Peep At Washoe", the author recounts his harrowing journey back to San Francisco after visiting the Washoe mines.

Snowslide (Battle Mountain Colorado) (1899 Newspaper)

Article details how numerous avalanches disrupted the communities of the Battle Mountain area of Eagle County Colorado, adding a bit of humor at one point: "Malcolm McLeod was handled the worst by the avalanche. Those who witnessed its frightful descent say McLeod was carried badly off his feet and his body made several revolutions in mid-air before he landed on the running mass of snow. He was carried about sixty feet down the hill, and when he finally stopped was completely submerged. He lost his hat - it will be found when the daisies bloom in the spring. Both Gladwin and Fisher were roughly handled, but neither even lost his hat."

Coasting in Colorado (1884 New York Times)

This article describes a tragic accident in Central City, Colorado in the early 1860s. "Once started in them at Nevada, a sled, unchecked, would fly to Black Hawk without giving one time to say "goodday” to any acquaintance he might pass in Central. It was like being shot out of a catapult or dropped down an elevator-shaft."

Visit to Owyhee (1865 Beyond the Mississippi)

This selection from Beyond the Mississippi describes the author's visit to the Owyhee mines of Idaho in November of 1865.

The Wants of California (1851 Newspaper)

“A French nobleman and his wife, who lost their fortune in the revolution of 1848, hurried to this El Dorado. He is a man of elevated mind, and fine talent. His present resource is to drive a water cart."

The Owyhee War (1868)

Thought to be the only complete and accurate account ever written on the Owyhee War, this important source document details the incredible events of the conflict: "On one level there was a heavy timber used as a support for the roof of the drift. It was probably fifteen inches in diameter and stood upright in the center of the drift. It was filled with bullets and had been so frequently struck and pierced that at one place about two or three feet from the floor It was cut nearly in two. It was said that this one piece of timber had been struck by two thousand bullets."

A Peep At Washoe - Second Paper (1861 Harper's New Monthly Magazine)

In Paper Two of "A Peep At Washoe", the author describes the chaos and hardship endured by residents of Virginia City in 1860.

Map of the Overland Route to the Boise and Owyhee Mines (1863 Newspaper)

This 1863 map and accompanying article describe the overland routes to the Boise Basin and Owyhee mining regions of Idaho.

A Mammoth Meteor Falls Near Candelaria, Nevada (1894 Newspaper)

1894 article describes a significant meteor impact near the mining towns of Candelaria and Belleville in Nevada.

The Ward Mining District

This promotional pamphlet was handed out to passengers of the Union Pacific, Denver & Gulf Railway in the 1890s to promote the Ward, Colorado mining district: "should any investors have their attention drawn to this area by the claims of special properties, they can be assured, whatever may be the result of their particular investigation, that they are entering an area full of promise and of prospective returns"